Vaccines and Diseases

Following is a list of the vaccine-preventable diseases that affect children, adolescents and adults. Each disease page contains links to the Vaccine Information Statement, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) disease-specific recommendations, a printable fact sheet, and additional resources. Every Child By Two's Vaccine-Preventable Diseases interactive eBook is also available for downloading or viewing online.

Shingles

Shingles, also known as Zoster or Herpes Zoster, is a painful localized skin rash often with blisters that is caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV) - the same virus that causes chickenpox. Almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States will develop shingles. There are an estimated 1 million cases of the disease each year in the United States. More...

Meningococcal Disease

Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial illness that is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis (infection around the brain and spinal cord) in children 2 through 18 years old in the United States. More...

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs. The virus mainly spreads by direct contact with airborne respiratory droplets. The disease spreads quickly and can be serious or even fatal for small children. According to the CDC, there are currently a record number of measles cases in the U.S. More...

Mumps

While usually a mild disease, mumps can also cause serious complications. The most common complication is inflammation of the testicles in boys who have reached puberty. Other rarer complications include swelling of the brain and/or tissue covering the brain and spinal cord; swelling of the ovaries and/or breasts in girls who have reached puberty; and deafness. Unfortunately, outbreaks of mumps still occur in the U.S. More...

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella (German measles) is usually mild in children and adults but up to 90 percent of infants born to mothers infected with rubella during the first trimester of pregnancy will develop Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS), resulting in heart defects, cataracts, mental retardation and/or deafness. More...

Varicella (Chickenpox)

Although generally mild, varicella (chickenpox) is highly contagious, causing a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever and can be serious and deadly, especially in babies, adults, and people with weakened immune systems. More...

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial disease that frequently causes heart and nerve problems. Symptoms include sore throat, low-grade fever, and swollen neck glands.For some people, diphtheria can lead to death. Even with treatment about 1 out of 10 (10%) diphtheria patients die. Without treatment, as many as 1 out of 2 (50%) patients can die from the disease. More...

Tetanus (Lockjaw)

Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a severe disease caused by a toxin made by a bacteria that can cause breathing problems, painful muscle spasms, stiffness, paralysis and can be deadly. More...

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a highly contagious disease. It is also the most common vaccine-preventable disease in the U.S. Pertussis can cause serious and sometimes life-threatening complications in infants and young children, especially those who are not fully vaccinated. More...

Hepatitis B (HepB)

Hepatitis B, caused by infection with the Hepatitis B virus, is a contagious liver disease that ranges in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen, or other body fluid infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body of a person who is not infected. Unfortunately, many parents mistakenly believe that Hepatitis B is strictly a sexually transmitted disease and are therefore reluctant to have their child vaccinated at the recommended ages. More...

Rotavirus

Rotavirus is a disease of the digestive tract caused by any one of three strains of rotavirus that causes acute gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea) and eventually death if not treated. More...

Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib)

Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib) is a very serious bacterial illness that often affects children under 5 years old. The most common types of severe Hib disease are meningitis, pneumonia, bacteremia, and epiglottitis. Hib can cause lifelong disability and may be deadly. More...

Influenza (flu)

Influenza (flu) is a very serious, highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory tract (nose, throat, and lungs). More...

Pneumococcal Disease

Pneumococcal Disease is the most common cause of pneumonia, meningitis (inflammation of the coverings of the brain and spinal cord), bacteremia (bloodstream infection), ear infections and sinusitis (sinus infections) in children under 2 years of age. More...

Polio

Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease caused by a virus that invades the brain and spinal cord and causing paralysis. It was one of the most dreaded childhood diseases of the 20th century with annual epidemics, primarily during the summer months. Before polio vaccines were available, polio outbreaks caused more than 15,000 cases of paralysis each year in the U.S. More...

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a viral disease that affects the liver. It can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe illness lasting several months. Hepatitis A is usually spread by contact with people who are infected or from contact with objects, food, water or drinks contaminated by the feces of an infected person, which can easily happen if someone doesn’t properly wash his or her hands after using the toilet More...

Human Papilomavirus (HPV)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) causes approximately 17,000 cancers in women and about 9,000 cancers in men. Cervical cancer causes about 4,000 deaths in women each year in the U.S. HPV is so common that almost everyone will be infected with HPV at some point in their lives. Vaccination with the HPV vaccine could prevent most of these cancers. More...

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